In practice, the genotype is a group of genes that possess one entity, but in this case the term genotype includes our relationship with the environment, the influence of a close family history and the effects of our prenatal history. From conception, childhood, youth, mature old age, through proper nutrition, we can strengthen the work of some genes, and some to free them, which can greatly improve our health. In fact, we can change the behavior of our genes. One part of that possibility is the mother in the 9 months before we are born, and much of it belongs to us when we appear in the world. Our genes are not a fixed set but dynamic and correspond to the influences of the external environment, past and diet. Food affects the genes. Some of us are born with energy-saving genes (genes that catch every calorie and store it in the form of fat). These genes need to be silent when there is an abundance of food. On the other hand, foods rich in carbohydrates and simple sugars stimulate those genes. By inserting proteins and increasing the efficiency of the body’s response to insulin, we squeeze the energy-saving genes. Similarly, some are born with reactive genes that impose our immune system when there is the slightest threat to react. These genes cause inflammation, swelling, pain, an increase in the number of white blood cells and the slightest provocation. They contribute to the appearance of allergies, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and others. A diet rich in reactive proteins such as gluten, lectins (seeds, nuts, vegetables) stimulates their work. The goal of the diet according to the genotype is: genes that do not make disease prone to silence, and the genes that help us feel healthy and happy should stimulate them. Genotype nutrition was created to reprogram the response of our genes. They are not interested in our genes and their response to the external environment. Particularly not interested in their response to those 9 key months spent in the uterus. That packet – our genetic material and its prenatal response is called the genotype. Your blood group determines only one gene (1 of 30,000 existing ones), that marker gives us a huge amount of information. But the genotype reflects the activity of many other genes and not only the one who determines the blood group. So the genotype reflects genetics and epigenetics – the interaction of your genes and the environment. Once you get rid of the wrong genes, you can include foods that you have not tolerated in your diet. When stimulated damage to your cells is removed, you can eat groceries that once made you a problem. When you are born, you inherit one set of genes: 1 allele of father and 1 mother allele. Methylation is one of the ways in which nature silences our genes (parts of the allen gene are betrayed by molecules called methyl groups). Methylation occurs at the time of conception at week 8 of the development of the embryo and 1 month before birth. After that it decreases, as we age, our DNA gradually loses methyl groups. For now, we can not control it at the moment of conception, but investigations show that after conception we can encourage normal methylation of some genes with proper nutrition. Proper nutrition can cause remelting of the different genes we want to get rid of, including the genes that are conservative, the reactive genes. Why nutrition is important in pregnant women: Your genetic potential at the time of conception determines the extent of elasticity of the walls of your arteries. But how strong and resilient the arteries will depend on what happens in the uterus. A good diet with prokatine and healthy fats will encourage arterial genes to make your arteries more elastic. On the other hand, if your mother is starving during pregnancy, your arterial genes must fight for those little nutrients with genes that control the growth of other tissues and organs. The result of this fight is a greater inclination to heart disease and increased arterial pressure. There are six genotypes: GT-1 hunter eg. for a reactive approach, quickly react to bacteria and viruses, the immune system exaggerates with its reaction and manifests itself as an allergy, asthma … GT-2 collector has energy-saving genes whose primary goal is to store each calorie GT-3 teacher – altruist, better tolerate bacteria and viruses without manifestation and symptoms GT-4 researcher (often left, Rh-, asymmetrically built) to develop a candid and stable response to changes GT-5 soldier – savvy, but not as much as a collector GT-6 nomad selective immune system, poor coordination between the immune, cardiovascular, and nervous system The genotype is determined according to certain biometric measurements taking into account the familial history.
Here are some of the indicators used to determine the genotype and their relationship with an increased risk of certain diseases:
- Is torso or legs longer?
Relation foot and body length reflects the level of growth hormones, especially insulin-like growth factors (IGF-1, IGF2). Low growth and short legs – increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes over the years, short legs – increased risk of coronary disease, high stature – increased risk of cancer (especially hormone dependent such as breast, prostate) that is in relationship with high levels of IGF-
- The length of the fingers is an indicator of exposure to full hormones. The different fingertip of the left and right hand fingers is an indicator of exposure to stress.
- Blood group and Rh factor are components for testing the degree of fit for a particular genotype.
- Hypersensitivity to caffeine is an indicator associated with the acetylation process – fast acetylators have good detoxification, but do not break down carcinogens from the meat, which may be the cause of colon cancer.
- The shape of the fingers of the papillae:
For example, 8 ulnar loops are indicative of Alzheimer’s disease propensity, congenital disorders, etc., more than 6 papillary lines in the form of whirlpool is an indicator of an increased risk of breast cancer, more than three papillary lines in the shape of a varnish is an indicator of inclination to constipation, etc.
DNA is the key to fighting weight
Genes hide a secret to preserving our health, and have recently been discovered and can help reduce weight. With the development of genetics, it has been found that genes carry very useful information about human life. By analyzing our DNA, it is possible to detect already existing diseases, predispositions for the development of certain diseases, and new research has confirmed that our genetic code determines which diet suits us, and how we should practice. This is based on the so-called. DNA Diet, i.e. nutrients. Modern nutrition genetics provides an answer to the question of how our genotype affects the interaction between diet, physical activity and health. It is a fully personalized approach that is unique to every person because it is based on the genotype. – It has been identified through the weight-bearing genes, the body mass index ITM, the body’s fat content, and motor and functional abilities. Weight loss based on gene analysis gives 2 to 3 times better results than weakening with traditional diets – says B.Sc. molecular biologist and physiologist genetic specialist Ivana Buzadzic. Once established diet, i.e. which team of groceries suits us more than ever, because we can not change genes, but we are changing the style of life. The general recommendation for healthy weight loss includes aerobic training that helps in fat loss, and therefore in weight loss. However, what if we have genes for which studies have shown that increased physical activity does not help to reduce weight? – With DNA analysis, we get an answer to the question of what type of physical activity best suits our genetic code and helps for efficient and healthy eating. The choice of appropriate kind of exercise is important not only for increasing the efficiency of our physical potential, but also for the need to maintain the vitality and healthy loss of weight and thus prevent the occurrence of certain diseases. The purpose is to base a laboratory nutrition on a nutritionist who, on the basis of this, gives an appropriate diet. Finally, the physical activity corrected according to the previously made analyzes – advises the genetic specialist.
How is DNA testing performed?
The DNA test is done once. It is understood to isolate the DNA from the blood or breeze from the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. This test is analyzed: – the six most common variants of genes associated with the increased body mass index, ITP, obesity and increased fat tissue (the so-called apple type of obesity that is at risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases). – two common variants of genes associated with lactose intolerance, which is often the cause of digestive problems. – secretor status associated with carbohydrate metabolism – variants of genes associated with folate metabolism that are important for the functioning of the nervous, blood and immune system; variants of genes associated with aerobic endurance, strength and muscle strength, and variants of genes associated with a reduction in the amount of adipose tissue with increased aerobic activity.
Here are some of the best foods for each of the different GenoTypes to seek out – and to avoid.
Meat Red meats such as goat, lamb and mutton are good, particularly leaner, rangier cuts. Fish and seafood Gatherers should eat herring, mullet and sardines. Dairy products Cottage cheese, paneer and ricotta suit the Gatherer best; stay away from feta, manchego and mozzarella. Fats and oils A proper choice of oils is essential for getting the thrifty metabolism of the Gatherer into shape; best ones include olive oil and walnut oil. Carbohydrates Gatherers should include more low-glycaemic carbohydrates such as millet, quinoa, rice bran and basmati rice. Fruit/Vegetables Exotic fruits such as guava, loganberry and papaya suit the Gatherer; avoid avocados, cucumbers and kale. Spices Gatherers should choose thermogenic spices such as cinnamon, parsley and turmeric to enhance their metabolism. Beverages Drink coffee, but in moderation. Try ginseng tea.
Meat Teachers can eat goat and mutton, but need to keep their intake of chicken low . Fish and seafood The best choice is white fish such as cod or chubb, which have proteins that help heal the intestinal lining. Dairy products Blue cheeses such as Gorgonzola, Stilton or Roquefort can help rebuild the digestive tract in Teacher GenoTypes. Fats and oils Teachers do better with short-chain fatty acids such as the butyrate in ghee . Carbohydrates Teachers are prone to a bacterial overgrowth problem, so eat foods that produce only a slight residue, such as flaxseed bread and quinoa. Avoid white rice and wheat. Fruit/vegetables Avocados, pak choi and Brussels sprouts and from citrus fruits such as lemon . Spices Teachers suit basil, garlic, oregano and rosemary. Beverages Coffee, green tea, grapefruit, pineapple juice and almond milk can be beneficial.
Meat The Explorer does well on organic red meat. They also thrive on poultry, especially ostrich, partridge and quail. Fish and seafood Explorers are best off with oily ocean fish, like sea bream and turbot – and should select wild rather than farmed fish. Dairy products Explorers should avoid blue cheeses and eat mozzarella, paneer and ricotta. Fats and oils They do best on oils that are monounsaturated including shea nut oil, camelina oil and rice bran oil. Carbohydrates Explorers thrive on carbohydrates such as millet and basmati rice. Fruit/vegetables Explorers should eat raspberries, cranberries, Kohlrabi and artichokes. Spices Explorers can benefit from the detoxifying effects of spices: try cilantro, garlic and thyme. Beverages Drink rose hip or verbena tea, and avoid coffee.
Meat Red meat is suitable for Nomads, and they don’t have to worry much about the fat content; calves liver can be on their menu. Fish and seafood Nomads do best with white fish, such as hake or cod, which have proteins that help heal the intestinal lining. Dairy products Soft cheeses such as Brie and Camembert suit Nomads. Fats and oils Nomads do better with short-chain fatty acids; they can benefit from linseed, olive and flaxseed oils. Carbohydrates Nomads must watch their intake of gluten and lectin and avoid poppadoms, rye and rye flour. Fruit/vegetables Cabbages, carrots and cauliflower are all superfoods for Nomads, as are blueberries and nectarines. Spices Nomads may find allspice, anise, caraway and pepper do not agree with them; better options include basil and parsley. Beverages Coffee should be used only in moderation by Nomads, although they can drink beer, red wine and watermelon juice.
Meat There are no recommended red meats for the Warrior, nor poultry items. Fish and seafood With their thick, viscous blood, Warriors do best with oily ocean fish. Try anchovies, red snapper or cod. Dairy products Soft cheeses such as cottage cheese, paneer or quark are tolerated well. Fats and oils The thrifty metabolism of the Warrior means that s/he must choose fats and oils carefully. Walnut oil or wheat germ oil are worth looking at. Carbohydrates Warriors should stick to low-glycemic carbohydrates such as brown rice, barley or rye. Fruit/vegetables It’s best for Warriors to swap broccoli and cabbage for Brussels sprouts and cauliflowers. Avoid pears, bananas and oranges. Spices Warriors can enhance their metabolism by using garlic, chocolate, cinnamon and oregano. Beverages Coffee can be beneficial for Warriors, as can cranberry juice, black tea and red wine.